Books and Book Chapters

Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma
Election Fraud

The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma: Why Election Observation Became an International Norm, 2011 from Cornell University Press
Election Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation, Edited with R. Michael Alvarez and Thad E. Hall. 2008. Washington: Brookings Institution Press. This book includes my chapter, "How International Observers Detect and Deter Election Fraud" as Chapter 12.
"International Dimensions of Elections" in Dynamics of Democratization, Edited by Nathan Brown. 2011. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
"Why Believe International Election Monitors?" in Credibility and Non-Governmental Organizations in a Globalizing World: When Virtue is Not Enough, edited by Peter Gourevitch, David A. Lake, and Janice Gross Stein. Cambridge University Press.
"Election Administration, Election Observation and Election Quality" in Handbook on Comparative Political Institutions, edited by Jennifer Gandhi and Ruben Ruiz-Rufino. 2014. Routledge.
"Conducting Research with NGOs: Relevant Counterfactuals from the Perspective of Subjects" (with David W. Nickerson) in Ethics and Experiments: Problems and Solutions for Social Scientists and Policy Makers, edited by Scott Desposato. 2015. Routledge.

Published or Forthcoming Articles

"Experiments in International Relations: Lab, Survey, and Field" 2015, Annual Review of Political Science. 18: pp. 403-424.
"Information and Self-Enforcing Democracy: The Role of International Election Observation" (with Nikolay Marinov) 2014, International Organization. 68:2, pp. 329-359.
          Ungated Link to Paper (copyright Cambridge University Press)
          Replication Data Archive
"When Do Governments Resort to Election Violence?" (with Emilie M. Hafner-Burton and Ryan S. Jablonski). 2014, British Journal of Political Science. 44: 1, pp 149-179.
"Which Elections Can Be Lost?" (with Nikolay Marinov) 2012, Political Analysis. 20,2: 191-210.
"Catch Us if You Can: Election Monitoring and International Norm Creation" 2011, American Journal of Political Science. Volume 55, Issue 2.
            Replication Data in Stata format (zipped)
"International Scrutiny and Pre-Electoral Fiscal Manipulation" (with Angela O'Mahony). Vol. 72, no. 3, July 2010, pp. 1-14. Journal of Politics.
          Online Appendix
          Variable Descriptions
          Stata 11 Replication Code
          Replication Dataset (Stata 11)
"Experimenting with Democracy Promotion: International Observers and the 2004 Presidential Elections in Indonesia." 2010. Perspectives on Politics.
            Online Appendix
"The Future of Field Experiments in International Relations" 2010. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences.
"The Observer Effect in International Politics: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," 2007. World Politics.
"In the Shadow of Democracy Promotion: Strategic Manipulation, International Observers, and Election Boycotts" (with Emily Beaulieu), March 2009 in Comparative Political Studies.
            Ungated Version
            Supplementary Materials
            Replication Data in Stata format

Selected Papers

"The Micro-Level Consequences of Democracy Promotion: A Field Experiment in Rural Cambodia" (with Emily Lamb)
"Surviving Elections: Election Violence on Leader Tenure." (with Emilie Hafner-Burton and Ryan Jablonski)
"Evaluating Experimental Data: Comparing Techniques" (with Thad Dunning)
"The Problem of Insincere Compliance in International Relations: Norms, Policy Diffusion, and International Expectations "
"Election Quality and Public Confidence in Political Institutions: Revisiting the Orange Revolution" (with Thad Hall and Elizabeth Wellman)

Papers also available on the Political Science Network at SSRN



National Elections Across Democracy and Autocracy



Observing Norms: Explaining the Causes and Consequences of Internationally Monitored Elections.
University of California, San Diego: PhD Dissertation. Completed June 2006. Voting